Page 116 - WSAVA2018
P. 116

R. Koh1
1Veterinary Teaching Hospital, Louisiana State University School of Veterinary Medicine, Baton Rouge, USA
2Veterinary Medical Center, University of Florida College of Veterinary Medicine, Gainesville, USA
I. Introduction
In Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), a seizure is
called Choufeng and epilepsy is called Xian Zheng. There are Yin and Yang seizures. Yin seizures are rarely connected with epilepsy. Yang seizures are clenched and spastic. The earliest literature on seizure and epilepsy can be found in Su Wen published during the 3rd Century BC. Both seizures and epilepsy belong
to “Internal Wind Syndromes”. The metaphor implies
the movements one sees when wind rattles leaves on trees, causing them to shake erratically and involuntarily. These motions exhibited by leaves in a strong breeze resemble the people experiencing seizures. Traditional Chinese Veterinary Medicine (TCVM) shares the similar philosophy and theory of epilepsy in human TCVM.
From the TCVM Medical perspective, etiologies of internal wind invasion involve six patterns (3 Excess and 3 Deficiency) that can result in seizures in both animals and man. The 3 Excess patterns include, Obstruction by WindPhlegm, Internal Profusion of PhlegmFire, and Blood Stagnation. The 3 Deficiency patterns are Liver Blood Deficiency, Kidney/Liver Yin Deficiency, and Kidney Jing Deficiency. Although they can be some overlap and combination of patterns, generally a patient will have a dominant pattern.
II. General TCVM Treatment For Seizures
a) General acupoints for seizures and its functions:
· Extinguish Wind: GB-20, Da-feng-men, CV-15, PC-5
· Liver points: BL-18/19, LIV-3
· Nourish Blood: BL-17, SP-10
· Transform Phlegm: ST-40
· Calm the Shen: GV-17/20/21, PC-6, HT-7, An shen, Nao-shu
· Special points: GV-1
· During seizures: GV-26, Nao-shu, HT-7
b) Basic Chinese herbs for seizures:
· Gastrodia (Tian Ma), Uncaria (Gou Teng), Concha Ostrea (Mu Li), Magarita (Zhen Zhu), Cornu Antelopis (Ling Yang Jiao), Lumbricus (Di Long), Buthus Martenzi (Quan Xie), Acorus (Shi Chang Pu), Bombyx (Jiang Can), Cicada (Chan Tui), Typhonium (Bai Fu Zi)
25-28 September, 2018 | Singapore
1. Santoro Beer KS, Syring RS, Drobatz, KJ. Evaluation of plasma lactate concentration and base excess at the time of hospital admission as predictors of gastric necrosis and outcome and correlation between those variables in dogs with gastric dilatation-volvulus: 78 cases (2004-2009). Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 2013;242(1):54-8.
2. Smart L, Reese S, Hosgood G. Food engorgement in 35 dogs (2009-2013) compared with 36 dogs with gastric dilation and volvulus. The Veterinary Record 2017;181(21):563.
3. Brourman JD, Schertel ER, Allen DA, Birchard SJ, DeHoff WD. Factors associated with perioperative mortality in dogs with surgically managed gastric dilatation-volvulus: 137 cases (1988-1993). Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 1996;208(11):1855-8.
4. MacKenzie G, Barnhart M, Kennedy S, DeHoff W, Schertel,E. A retrospective study of factors influencing survival following surgery for gastric dilatation-volvulus syndrome in 306 dogs. Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association 2010;46(2):97-102.
5. Meyer-Lindenberg A, Harder A, Fehr M, LUerssen D, Brunnberg L. Treatment of gastric dilatation-volvulus and a rapid method for prevention of relapse in dogs: 134 cases (1988-1991). Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 1993;203(9):1303-7.
6. Eggertsd Ottir AV, Moe L. A retrospective study of conservative treatment of gastric dilatation-volvulus in the dog. Acta Veterinaire Scandinavica 1995;36(2):175-84.
7. Funkquist B. Gastric torsion in the dog: non-surgical reposition. Journal of Small Animal Practice 1969;10:507-11.
8. Goodrich ZP, Powell LL, Hulting, KJ. Assessment of two methods of gastric decompression for the initial management of gastric dilatation-volvulus. Journal of Small Animal Practice 2013;54:75-9.
9. de Papp ED, Drobatz KJ; Hughes, D. Plasma lactate concentration as a predictor of gastric necrosis and survival among dogs with gastric dilatation- volvulus: 102 cases (1995-1998). Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 1999;215(1):49-52.
10. Zachar LB, Berg J, Shaw S, Kudej RK. Association between outcome and changes in plasma lactate concentration during pre-surgical treatment in dogs with gastric dilatation-volvulus: 64 cases (2002-2008). Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 2010;236(8):892-7.

   114   115   116   117   118