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 25-28 September, 2018 | Singapore
The Purpose of this study is to explain the following
successive issues
· What happened soon after the FDNPP cape from evacuation zone and refugee
· How to rescue animals; A proposal to the govern- ment from animal/radiology experts
· Problems and efforts for rescuing companion animals and creating animal shelters and its management
· Investigations of companion animal radiation expo- sure and cumulative radiobiological effects
· Investigations of farm animal radiation exposure and cumulative radiobiological effects
· Investigations of wild lives’ radiation exposure and cumulative radiobiological effects
· What we have learned from the nuclear accident and what should be done for the future prevention?
Results and discussion
Soon after the FDNPP accident, Fukushima local government declared to evacuate people within 2km from FDNPP, followed by Japanese government (JG)’s order to evacuate within 3km but was changed to 10km on that night. On the morning of next day JG declared state of emergency... and finally, JG decided to create 20km radius evacuation zone from FDNPP and people within 20-30km radius should have to keep sheltering
in each house instead of evacuation. But along to the see coast, roads and electricity were no longer useful, therefore even such many people who succeeded in evacuation could not move to anywhere. Later of the FDNPP accident, the Ground radioactivity was monitored from air flight and radioactivity monitoring cars, which were opened the public for radioactivity-related information for initial evacuation.
IFAW: international fund for animal welfare immediately respond to this big event, calling Japanese and American veterinary, radiology and evacuation/ management experts to discuss and give tutorial information to support JG’s decision making for animal support. In the beginning of May 2011. They have got together in Tokyo with observers from MAFF and MoE, with attendance of a politician. This committee member successfully did make a guidance supportive to the
JG (Nuclear Accidents and the Impact on Animals COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS) in two days. This was also sent to JG, media including SNS and politicians who may relate for this action. Hopefully this could partially moved JG to make it possible to start rescuing animals. However in reality, only companion animal rescue was planned but farm animals were decided to euthanize by only with the agreement of owned farmers. Many farmers disagreed to kill them, since there is no clear reason.
Initial problems for animal rescue was there was no place or shelter, or prepared facility to accept animal refugee. This was one of the reason why the local government
did not agree to start rescuing companion animals.
But during the meantime of this no action by local government, valuable animals (retrievers and/or qualified breeds, and pappies in breeders) were stolen and sold by someone. Or someone in fanatic or aggressive animal welfare organizations took away to their own shelters and charged relatively expensive money for giving (back) to the (genuine or) second owners. Such unwanted information also spread out through SNS. And some (personal) organization of animal welfare asked fund raising to rescue animals through SNS, which created scam or fake organization only to imitate animal welfare activities. Some aggressive animal welfare organization tried almost to thread local government by long time phone attacks.
However an animal shelter in temporal use was created in June and voluntary staffs to manage or support were asked to join. A voluntary staff especially a famous actress” temporal help worked effectively since it soon spread through SNS. Companion animal rescue has just started on the opening day of the temporal shelter. However, the rescuing had to stop by the first day, which was simply due to the very limited capacity of the shelter to accept them. Alternatively, this was because owners of companion animal could not take with them for evacuation
This very severe experience moved the ministry to alter the law. The refugee principally should evacuate with their pets together and each local government should prepare for that.
Wada et al. (2017) has monitored radioactivity of animal refugee in a shelter in Fukushima frequently by animal whole-body counter. Concentration of 137Cs at the time they caught was in the range of 10 to 107Bq/kg in dogs and 103 to 106Bq/kg in cats. And they concluded the biological average half-life of radiocesium was 54 days in dogs and 30 days in cats, and they discovered their biological half -lives prolongs from 20 to 70 days as the grew up. This whole-body counting system for small animal sounds valuable for long term monitoring of radioactivity in the body and most likely applicable to another small animals including sheep, goat and other wild life.
Team of the veterinary universities including Iwate, Kitasato, Tokyo and Miyazaki joined to collaborate for investigate if there is/are any biological effects of the low-dose radiation. This team tried to evaluate radiation exposure from environment and internal exposure via ingestion of grass. Since hundreds of cattle within 20km from FDNPP are kept alive because these farmers disagreed to the JG’s decision to euthanize without
any reasonable explanation. Farmers needed to know if there is/are any unwanted biological effects of the low dose radiation on cattle. Some cattle showed some white spot. The team also evaluated routine blood test,

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