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secondary bacterial infections (to primary viral infections) and S. equi var. zooepidemicus, but not Mycoplasma spp. which lack cell walls. Amoxicillin-clavulanate may be required for some B. bronchiseptica isolates. Inhalational aminoglycoside therapy has also been anecdotally mentioned as a treatment for B. bronchiseptica- associated CIRDC. If the first drug chosen is ineffective and bacterial disease is still suspected after the first 7 days, the ISCAID Working Group recommended that a more extensive diagnostic workup should be considered prior to considering use of other drug classes like fluoroquinolones or azithromycin. Repeated diagnostic tests are not needed in dogs with CIRDC that respond clinically.
Dogs with cough due to uncomplicated CIRDC should have rest enforced, be handed with a harness, not
a collar, fed soft or canned food if showing signs of discomfort when swallowing, and have the cough controlled with anti-tussive agents.
Erles K, Brownlie J. Canine respiratory coronavirus: an emerging pathogen in the canine infectious respiratory disease complex. Veterinary Clinics: Small Animal Practice 2008;38:815–825.
Lappin MR, Blondeau J, Boothe D, et al. Antimicrobial use Guidelines for Treatment of Respiratory Tract Disease in Dogs and Cats: Antimicrobial Guidelines Working Group of the International Society for Companion Animal Infectious Diseases. J Vet Intern Med. 2017;31:279-294.
Priestnall S, Erles K. Streptococcus zooepidemicus: an emerging canine pathogen. Vet J 2011;88:142-148.
Priestnall SL, Mitchell JA, Walker CA, et al. New and emerging pathogens in canine infectious respiratory disease. Vet Pathol 2014;51:492-504.
Renshaw RW, Zylich NC, Laverack MA, et al. Pneumovirus in dogs with acute respiratory disease. Emerg Inf Dis J 2010;16:993-995.
Ruch-Galle R, Moroff S Lappin MR. Adenovirus 2, Bordetella bronchiseptica, and parainfluenza molecular diagnostic assay results in puppies after vaccination with modified live vaccines. J Vet Intern Med. 2016;30:164-166.
M. Irimajiri1
1Hills Colgate Japan, Professional and Veterinary Affairs, Tokyo, Japan
Assessing Canine and Feline Behavior
In order to know what the dogs and cats is telling
the owner and diagnose why the dogs or cats are misbehaving, it is important to know their body language and their society. This lecture will cover how dogs and cats communicate with each other and how shall we understand what they are telling us.
Dogs try to communicate with humans instead of trying to dominate us. The famous myth is that they are trying to dominate the family member and take over us so we need o “dominate” them. Is this really true? Looking at the canine languages, we must understand that they are not trying to dominate us but they are trying to tell us what they feel.
Cats are thought to be non-social animals and they like what they like to do and they do not care what humans does. Is this true? Do they life alone with our creating society? The truth is that they are social animals if they have enough resources. They communicate with each other and they even help each other. This lecture will cover how cats communicate to each other and what to look for when we communicate with them.
Your Singapore, the Tropical Garden City

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