Page 132 - WSAVA2018
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 25-28 September, 2018 | Singapore
WSV18-0041
WAVMA ORNAMENTAL FISH DISEASES
ANESTHESIA IN AQUATIC VET MEDICINE
R. Loh1
WSV18-0281
SVA INTEGRATIVE MEDICINE & ACUPUNCTURE
HOW TO USE ACUPUNCTURE AND HERBAL MEDICINE FOR TREATMENT OF CHRONIC RENAL FAILURE
R. Koh1
1Veterinary Teaching Hospital, Louisiana State University School of Veterinary Medicine, Baton Rouge, USA
2Veterinary Medical Center, University of Florida College of Veterinary Medicine, Gainesville, USA
I. Introduction
Chronic renal failure (CRF) is a common renal disorder in both dogs and cats. There is little treatment available from a Western perspective, other than fluid therapy and a protein-restricted diet, for the end stages of
CRF. Other recommended dietary changes include reducing quantities of phosphorus and sodium, and increasing caloric density, potassium, dietary fiber, B-vitamin content, and magnesium.1,2 Recent studies have shown that antioxidants and Ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) may benefit patients with renal failure. Antioxidants relax smooth muscle and increase glomerular filtration rate.8 Fish oil reduces plasma
lipids and intraglomerular pressure.9 Ω-3 fatty acids heal glomerular and tubulointerstitial lesions which
may offer some protection of glomerular function, thereby minimizing renal disease progression.10 Other mechanisms of Ω-3 fatty acids include anti-inflammatory, anti-coagulant, and anti oxidant effects, as well as reducing intrarenal calcification. 3,4
Traditional Chinese Veterinary Medicine (TCVM) has more to offer patients with CRF, as it has been used
in animals for thousands of years in China.5 Clinical anecdotal evidence indicates acupuncture and Chinese herbals may greatly benefit patients with renal failure and slow disease the progression.6,7 Acupuncture has shown to significantly improve the renal functions on the recovery from ethylene glycol- induced acute renal injury in dogs.11 These improvements in renal functions are likely due to acupuncture’s neuromodulatory influence on autonomic tone.12 Many Chinese herbs
or herbal mixture (formula) have been shown to lower the serum creatinine level, increases inulin clearance, decreases urinary protein excretion, and attenuates lipid derangements in human or animal models with CRF.13
II. General TCVM Treatment
In the theory of TCVM, the notion of the ‘Kidney’ is
not the same as that of the kidney in Western medical science. Kidneyt in the TCVM perspective is ‘the place where the true Yin and true Yang hibernate; it is the base of hiding and the place for storing the refined energy and essence, its quintessence appears on the hair, and its function is to enrich the marrow of bone, and
43RD WORLD SMALL ANIMAL VETERINARY ASSOCIATION CONGRESS AND 9TH FASAVA CONGRESS
   1The Fish Vet, Aquatic Veterinary Medicine and Diagnostics, Perth, Australia
ANAESTHESIA IN AQUATIC VET MEDICINE
Abstract
In fish, anaesthetic agents are used for handling, restraining, and for prevention of pain during painful procedures. The presentation will give practical advice depending on the situation, factoring water temperature, body mass, species and physiological state. Additionally, some common surgical procedures and their techniques will be discussed.
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