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WSV18-0222
ANESTHESIOLOGY
ANESTHESIA FOR POPULATIUON CONTROL: DOING IT WELL AND CHEAP
A. da Cunha1
1Louisiana State University, Veterinary Clinical Sciences, Baton Rouge- LA, USA
ANESTHESIA FOR POPULATIONAL CONTROL: DOING IT WELL AND CHEAP
Anderson Favaro da Cunha, DVM, MS, Dipl.ACVAA
Professor and Chief, Veterinary Anesthesia and Analgesia
Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences
School of Veterinary Medicine, Louisiana State University
Baton Rouge, Louisiana, USA
Non-client-owned, shelter animals often require sedation, anesthesia and analgesia for orchiectomy (neuter) or ovariohysterectomy (spay) prior to adoption. The Association of Shelter Veterinarians published a guideline regarding the anesthesia of shelter animals with emphasis on patient care and welfare including anesthesia, analgesia and postoperative care.
There are also several websites elucidating ways to preserve and protect the animal rights at shelters. They are: www.sheltervet.org; www.aspcapro.org; www. maddiesfund.com; www.sheltermidicine.com and www. sheltermedicine.vetmed.ufl.edu.
Many studies show that the anesthesia-related mortality rate is reduced with in depth understanding of patient’s history and pre-op examinations. However, when animals present for surgeries in shelters, they usually lack that important clinical history, performing full blood work
for all animals prior to surgery is cost prohibitive and most of feral animals do not allow the veterinarian to approach for a complete physical exam prior to drug injection. Therefore, the anesthesia-related mortality rate in shelters is higher. However, there are several simple techniques that can be used for the anesthesia management of feral and shelter animals in order to improve their survival rate.
1-The most important techniques you can add to your practice in order to increase survival rates in face of lack of pre-op clinical information are: 1- vital signs monitoring during anesthesia; 2- personnel training to recognize any possible cardiovascular and respiratory complication;
3- readiness for aggressive treatments of possible complications.
2-Before the beginning of your anesthesia management, it is important to provide a stress free environment. Stress leads to catecholamine release and arrhythmias
43RD WORLD SMALL ANIMAL VETERINARY ASSOCIATION CONGRESS AND 9TH FASAVA CONGRESS
25-28 September, 2018 | Singapore
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