Page 660 - WSAVA2018
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 25-28 September, 2018 | Singapore
WSVA8-0011
ANIMAL WELFARE
FACTORS AFFECTING LENGTH OF STAY OF DOGS AT A NO-KILL SHELTER IN THE CZECH REPUBLIC
E. Voslarova1, S. Vitulova1, V. Vecerek1
1University of Veterinary and Pharmaceutical Sciences Brno, Department of Animal Protection- Welfare and Behaviour, Brno, Czech Republic
INTRODUCTION
The physical features of the dog were reported to play a significant role in the choice of a dog to adopt.
OBJECTIVES
The aim of this study was to identify factors affecting length of stay (LOS) of dogs at a no-kill shelter in the Czech Republic.
METHODS
Records on characteristics of shelters dogs were collected from a Czech municipal shelter in the period from 2007 to 2016. The results were analyzed using the statistical package Unistat 5.6 (a two-tailed Mann- Whitney U test or a Kruskal-Wallis ANOVA).
RESULTS
The median LOS was 34.5 days. Males stayed at the shelter longer (P < 0.001) than females (median LOS 40 and 29 days, respectively). Medium and large dogs stayed at the shelter longer (P < 0.001) than small dogs (median LOS 42, 48 and 26 days, respectively). The median LOS of dogs increased significantly
(P < 0.001) with increasing age from 18 days in the youngest category (less than six months) to 123 days
in the oldest (aged nine years and more). Crossbreds stayed at the shelter slightly longer than purebreds (median LOS 35 and 32 days, respectively), however the difference in median LOS was not statistically significant (P > 0.05). Dogs with impaired health stayed at the shelter longer (P < 0.001) than dogs with no clinical signs of disease (median LOS 67 and 26 days, respectively).
CONCLUSIONS
Our findings are in agreement with the results of many foreign shelter studies showing an almost uniform perception of these traits across different communities.
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WSVA8-0126
BEHAVIOR
IMPACT OF ENVIRONMENTAL ENRICHMENT ON THE BEHAVIOR OF DOGS IN LABORATORY KENNEL
M. Scheraiber1, T.A. Ramos2, F.Y. Murakami2,
L.P. Domingues2, A.P. Felix2, A.V. Fischer da Silva1
1Federal University of Paraná, Department of Physiology - Research Laboratory on Canine Nutrition, Curitiba, Brazil
2Federal University of Paraná, Department of Animal Science - Research Laboratory on Canine Nutrition, Curitiba, Brazil
INTRODUCTION
Laboratory dogs spend at least 10 consecutive days confined individually in restricted environment to measure diet digestibility. This can compromise well-being and lead to abnormal behaviors, such as stereotypies or undesirable behavior (coprophagy). Regarding this, environmental enrichment in laboratory dogs can reduce stress and contribute to their activities, decreasing leisure time and improving their well-being.
OBJECTIVES
We aimed to evaluate the behavior of experimental kennel dogs with and without environmental enrichment during the period of twenty days.
METHODS
Eight 6-year-old Beagle dogs were housed individually in concrete kennel with 4.7 meters in length and 2.22 meters in width. The kennels contained a water ad libitum and rubber mat for the dogs’ rest. The experiment was carried out over a period of 20 days: the first 10 days without enrichment, in which the dogs were fed
in conventional stainless steel pots. In the following 10 days, environmental enrichment was used with PetBall® (PetGames - São Paulo, Brazil) for food. The dogs were evaluated by cameras (AXIS, 3004-v) installed in points of the kennel where dogs could be fully visualized
and monitored for 15 hours a day, totaling 60 hours
of monitoring. The behaviors recorded were: walking, eating, coprophagy, exploratory, lying, standing, sitting, sleeping and social interaction.
Figure 1 - PetBall®.
43RD WORLD SMALL ANIMAL VETERINARY ASSOCIATION CONGRESS AND 9TH FASAVA CONGRESS






























































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