Page 680 - WSAVA2018
P. 680

 25-28 September, 2018 | Singapore
WSVA8-0051
FELINE MEDICINE
PREVALENCE OF GASTROINTESTINAL PROTOZOA IN PET AND STRAY CATS IN THE KLANG VALLEY, MALAYSIA
L.P. Tan1, R.S.K. Sharma2, P.A. Megat Abdul Rani1, S.S. Syed-Hussain3, M. Watanabe1
1Universiti Putra Malaysia, Department of Companion Animal and Surgery, Serdang, Malaysia
2Universiti Putra Malaysia, Department of Veterinary Laboratory Diagnostics, Serdang, Malaysia
WSVA8-0160
FELINE MEDICINE
CASE SERIES OF CATS WITH SUSPECTED FELINE INFECTIOUS PERITONITIS (FIP) WET FORM IN JAKARTA
W. Kusumawardhani1, V. Widyaastuti1, Y. Aji1, C. Haryani1, C. Sajuthi1
1Veterinary Clinic Drh. Cucu K Sajuthi and associate, Cat Clinic, Jakarta, Indonesia
INTRODUCTION
Feline Infectious Peritonitis (FIP) remain as significant and lethal disease in cats. Incidence of this disease in Indonesia is believed increasing nowadays. There were no FIP retrospective studies conducted in Indonesia yet.
OBJECTIVES
The aim of this study was to provide retrospective data of suspected Feline Infectious Peritonitis wet form in Jakarta.
METHODS
between January 2017 and January 2018, 37 cats were presented with peritoneal and/or pleural effusion in Veterinary Clinic Drh. Cucu K. Sajuthi and Assosiate, Jakarta, Indonesia. Diagnosis ofsuspected FIP wet form was established from Rivalta test positive result of the cat’s effusion fluidsamples. Medical records of suspected FIP wet form cats were evaluated retrospectively.
RESULTS
Most of the cats with peritoneal and/or pleural effusion, 91.9%, were diagnosed as suspected FIP wetform (34/37). Other 3 cats were diagnosed as cardiopulmonary disease (2 cats) and bacterial infectiondisease (1 cat).
Of the suspected FIP wet form, 85.3% were live in
multi cat household (29/34) and 64.7% were male cats (22/34). The type of effusion varied between the cats, 73.5% cats had peritonealeffusion only (25/34), 14.7% cats had pleural effusion only (5/34), and 11.8% cats had both peritonealand pleural effusion (4/34). The data also showed that 41.2% suspected FIP wet form cats had otherdisease (14/34).
CONCLUSIONS
There were high number of suspected FIP wet form incidence in Jakarta, most of the cats were live in multi cat household
    3Universiti Putra Malaysia, Department of Veterinary Clinical Studies, Serdang, Malaysia
INTRODUCTION
The gastrointestinal tract of the feline species can harbour various protozoa. Most of these gastrointestinal protozoa cause diarrhea in cats and some are considered zoonotic.
OBJECTIVES
This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of gastrointestinal protozoa in the pet and stray cat population in Klang Valley, Malaysia. In addition, this study aimed to investigate the risk factors associated with gastrointestinal protozoal infection.
METHODS
201 fecal samples were collected using rectal swabs
and were kept in lysis buffer for storage. 192 blood samples were collected and placed in plain tubes
to obtain serum and stored at -20°C. Fecal samples collected were subjected to nested-PCR to detect Giardia spp., Tritrichomonas foetus, and Toxoplasma gondii. The simple floatation method was used to identify Cystoisospora spp. for 44 samples. Indirect-ELISA was used to detect antibodies against Toxoplasma gondii in the blood samples collected.
RESULTS
The prevalence of gastrointestinal protozoa in stray and pet cats respectively were 11% and 5% (Giardia spp.), 56% and 14% (Tritrichomonas foetus), 15% and 6% (Toxoplasma gondii). 52% (23/44) of Cystoisospora spp. were found
in stray cats. Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii was 7.2% (stray cats) and 4.2% (pet cats). Statistical analysis showed no significant association with protozoan infection with sex, breed and management of the cats. Age showed significance where older cats (≥3years) showed higher risk for Tritrichomonas foetus.
CONCLUSIONS
Overall, there was a higher prevalence of gastrointestinal protozoa detected in stray cats compared to pet cats. This study also identified that cats older than 3 years of age were at a higher risk for Tritrichomoans foetus infection.
  678
43RD WORLD SMALL ANIMAL VETERINARY ASSOCIATION CONGRESS AND 9TH FASAVA CONGRESS



























































   678   679   680   681   682