Page 692 - WSAVA2018
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 25-28 September, 2018 | Singapore
WSVA8-0053
INFECTIOUS AND EMERGING DISEASES
CASE STUDIES AND MOLECULAR CHARACTERISATION OF THE TRYPANOSOMES RESPONSIBLE FOR CANINE AFRICAN TRYPANOSOMOSIS (CAT) IN NSUKKA AREA, ENUGU STATE, NIGERIA
P.U. Umeakuana1, E.O. Balogun2, G.D. Chechet2,
M.I. Takeet3, P.O. Akpa4, W. Gibson5, R.C. Ezeokonkwo6, B.M. Anene4
1University of Abuja, Department of Veterinary Medicine, Nigeria
2Ahmadu Bello University, Department of Biochemistry, Zaria, Nigeria
3Federal University of Agriculture Abeokuta., Department of Veterinary Microbiology and Parasitology, Abeokuta, Nigeria
4University of Nigeria- Nsukka, Department of Veterinary Medicine, Nsukka, Nigeria
5University of Bristol, School of Biological Sciences, Bristol, United Kingdom
6University of Nigeria- Nsukka, Veterinary Parasitology and Entomology, Nsukka, Nigeria
INTRODUCTION
Trypanosomosis is one of the major diseases of dogs in Nsukka area, Enugu state of Nigeria. Microscopy is the widely used method of diagnosis and the most reported pathogens are the human infective trypanosomes Trypanosoma brucei gambiense and T.b. rhodesiense, in addition to T.b. brucei and T. congolense. Microscopy alone cannot distinguish within the subspecies of trypanozoon group,
OBJECTIVES
To investigate the most prevalent subspecies of T. brucei infecting dogs in the study area.
METHODS
We conducted physical examination on the trypanosomes-infected dogs and collected appropriate history from the dog owners. We used ITS 1 primer and sequence analysis to study the sub species of T. brucei.
RESULTS
Sequence analysis detected T.b. gambiense, T. evansi and T. congolense in the infected dogs. Anemia evident in low PCV, Hb, RBCs and fever were common in the infected dogs. The chief complaint were change in eye colour and gradual loss or complete loss of appetite. The common observations during physical examination were corneal opacity and enlargement of superficial lymph nodes. Some serum biochemical changes were noticed in the infected sampled dogs.
CONCLUSIONS
T.b. gambiense, T. evansi and T. congolense were responsible for canine trypanosomosis in the study area, which suggest that dogs could be reservoirs of infections in humans and animals in the study area. The disease caused decrease in PCV, RBC, Hb, serum albumin and increase in serum BUN in most of the infected dogs.
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43RD WORLD SMALL ANIMAL VETERINARY ASSOCIATION CONGRESS AND 9TH FASAVA CONGRESS











































































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