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WSVA8-0035
UROLOGY
BACTERIAL ISOLATION FROM URINARY TRACT INFECTIONS AND URINARY TRACT INFECTION ASSOCIATED WITH UROLITHS FORMATION IN DOGS: A RETROSPECTIVE STUDY
N. adsanychan1, P. Kunkitti2, S. Hoisang3, S. Seesupa4, N. Kampa4, S. Jitpean4
1Khon Kaen University, Graduate student faculty of veterinary medicine, Khon Kaen, Thailand
2Khon Kaen University, Division of Theriogenology- Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Khon Kaen, Thailand
3Khon Kaen University, Veterinary Teaching Animal Hospital- Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Khon Kaen, Thailand
4Khon Kaen University, Division of Surgery- Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Khon Kaen, Thailand
INTRODUCTION
Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are common in small animal practice. Escherichia coli is the most common bacterial isolated from UTIs in dogs. Previous studies have indicated that Staphylococcus spp and/or others bacteria may lead to cause stone formation in dogs, especially struvite stones
OBJECTIVES
The objectives of the present study were to study the most common bacterial isolation in dogs diagnosed with UTIs and those with UTIs associated with uroliths formation in dogs
METHODS
The study conducted a retrospective study. All urine samples were collected by cystocentesis and later submitted to Veterinary Teaching Animal Hospital to identify bacterial infection
RESULTS
Of 137 dogs diagnosed with bacterial UTIs, 74 females and 63 males, were enrolled in the present study. Proteus mirabilis and Staphylococcus spp were the most common bacterial isolated from UTIs (55 samples (40.14 %)). Meanwhile, 82 dogs (59.8%) diagnosed with urolithiasis associated with UTIs, the most bacterial isolation were Staphylococcus spp (30.76%) and Escherichia coli spp (19.23%), respectively
CONCLUSIONS
Staphylococcus spp and E. coli are the most bacterial UTIs associated with urolithiasis. In contrast, several studies have indicated that the most bacterial isolated from those with urolithiasis are Staphylococcus and Proteus. Moreover, the most bacterial UTIs in our study were Proteus spp., while other studies E. coli have indicated. Further investigation on bacteria isolated from stone cultures could give more information on correlation between bacteria and urine stone formation
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