Page 713 - WSAVA2018
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WSVA8-0095
REPRODUCTION, PEDIATRICS
COMPARISON OF VAGINAL BACTERIA OF CATS IN ESTRUS AND INTERESTRUS
M.W.H. Hiew1, S. Umasangkari1, S. Khairani-Bejo2
1Universiti Putra Malaysia, Department of Veterinary Clinical Studies, Serdang, Malaysia
2Universiti Putra Malaysia, Department of Veterinary Pathology and Microbiology, Serdang, Malaysia
INTRODUCTION
A variety of organisms inhabit the reproductive tract of cats and is believed to be affected by stages of the estrous cycle.
OBJECTIVES
This study aimed to determine the relationship of estrus and interestrus phases with aerobic bacterial culture of the vagina of cats.
METHODS
Samples were obtained from twenty-six intact, female, Domestic Shorthair cats aged 1-year-old or older from two areas in the state of Selangor. Sterile cotton swabs were used for sample collection for vaginal cytology and bacterial culture. Three animals were in estrus while 23 were in the interestrus stage. Blood and MacConkey agar were used for bacterial culture.
RESULTS
Gram negative bacteria were isolated only from interestrus cats while gram positive bacteria were isolated from both estrus and interestrus cats. Amongst all the animals, the most aerobic bacteria isolated were Staphylococcus intermedius (26%), Streptococcus
canis (26%), Escherichia coli (14%) and Staphylococcus pseudintermedius (12%). There was no association observed between aerobic bacteria cultured from cats in estrus and interestrus.
CONCLUSIONS
Types of bacteria cultured from the vagina of cats were not related to the phases of estrus and interestrus.
Your Singapore, the Tropical Garden City
WSVA8-0098
REPRODUCTION, PEDIATRICS
CLINICAL PRESENTATION, DIAGNOSIS, TREATMENT AND OUTCOME OF 77 DOGS AND 137 CATS WITH PYOMETRA
M.W.H. Hiew1, S.D.Y. Loi1
1Universiti Putra Malaysia, Department of Veterinary Clinical Studies, Serdang, Malaysia
INTRODUCTION
Pyometra is the accumulation of purulent material in the uterus and is life-threatening to intact female dogs and cats.
OBJECTIVES
This study aimed to determine the clinical signs at presentation, diagnostic methods, treatments and outcomes in bitches and queens with pyometra.
METHODS
Medical records of 77 bitches and 137 queens presented to the Universiti Veterinary Hospital (UVH), Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM), Malaysia with pyometra between 2008 – 2017 were evaluated.
RESULTS
The median age at presentation for bitches was 96 months and 18 months for queens. Most patients experienced estrus more than 4 weeks prior to presentation and were presented more than 7
days after the first clinical sign. The most prominent clinical sign was vaginal discharge (bitches=74.0%; queens=85.4%). Blood parameters showed leukocytosis (bitches=53.2%; queens=35.0%) with neutrophilia and monocytosis. Alkaline phosphatase was seen to be increased in bitches (55.2%). Ultrasonography had higher confirmatory percentages (bitches=93.1%; queens=78.3%) than radiography (bitches=58.7%; queens=72.3%). Ovariohysterectomy with concurrent antibiotics was
the treatment of choice in 61% of cases. Post-operative complications occurred in 8.48% of patients. The average length of hospitalization was 4.5 days for bitches and 3.89 days for queens and was associated with decreases in haematocrit (P=0.022) and increases in blood urea nitrogen (P=0.014). Correlation was seen between days before surgery was performed, length of hospitalization and survival of patients (P=0.028).
CONCLUSIONS
Clinical signs at presentation, diagnostic methods to confirm pyometra and treatment modalities were similar for bitches and queens. Reduction in time to surgery and hospitalization length could potentially improve patient survival.
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